This pest is also known as melon fly and sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly. Management: • The regular removal & destruction of the infested fruits • Frequent raking of the soil under the vine/ ploughing the infested field after crop harvested can help in killing the pupae. possible. Recommendation. Fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits. Spraying with 0.2% carbaryl is also found effective. 25-50% yield loss was reported in cucurbits. Description: 2 p. Record ID: 66492. Area-wide Fruit Fly Management (more on pages 8-9): The chapter on area-wide fruit fly management showcases results obtained by implementation of an area-wide program with citrus farmers in Karo district of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. A technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them. CABI is a registered EU trademark. The study showed that … In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980), but re-established from the neighboring Guam in 1981 (Wong et al., 1989). is highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal. When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. It attacks young and older stages. Subject(s): CUCURBITS CUCURBIT CULTIVARS CUCURBITS PEST MANAGEMENT IPM SEEDS. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. Maggots are found in infected fruits, which means the fruits cannot be eaten. Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. The comparative evaluation of different methods against fruit fly revealed that, bagging of fruits at 3 DAA and retained for 5 days, bait trap and pheromone trap may be recommended for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. Clean cultivation- Removal and destruction of fallen fruits and infested fruits daily to minimize the pest intensity. CABI is a registered EU trademark. If more than 10% of fruits are infected, spray with a mixture of Malathion 50 EC at  1 ml/litre of water and 20 grams of sugar or molasses. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. The fly will not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly laying eggs. Life History. Biological control. Department of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal. Treat the soil with Malathion 5 % powder 20 kg per Ropani during winter, Deep ploughing in winter is recommended as this will damage pupae in the soil. Here it is a frequent source of an early fly build-up. Female flies lay eggs inside the fruit. Maggots feed inside the fruits, but at times also f… Insecticides applied for melonworm control must be applied when bees are not actively foraging. Nepal Share . Contact … (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most serious pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh (Alam, 1969; Akhtaruzzaman . 2005). Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. The study entitled "Major Insect Pest of Cucurbits and their management practices adopted in Lamjung District" were carried out from June23, 2018 to August 25, 2018. Attacks are worse in the rainy season. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. This may save a lot of money and effort later. BANASKANTHA (GUJARAT), INDIA *E-Mail: fk_43@yahoo.co.in _____ ABSTRACT The present survey for cultivated and wild hosts of fruit fly was carried out in … Mannan (2004) stated that the yield losses due to fruit fly infestation vary in different fruits and vegetables, and it is minimum in cucumber (19.19%) and maximum in sweet gourd (69.96%). It attacks young and older stages. This is complemented with experiences of the De-partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly management in mango orchards on Java. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. et al., 1999 and 2000). Fruit Fly, Bactrocera Cucurbitae (COQ) on Host Bottle Gourd, ... an integrated component of integrated pest management. Use of sex pheromone like “Cuelure”. Pesticides Add 0.5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of solution. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: After 7 to 10 days the maggot will drop onto the soil and pupate. Images of Cucurbit Pests Click here to view image menu Information Cucurbit Pest Identification and Management, outline format (2018) Insect Pests of Cucurbits in Ohio (2017) Research Reports Squa… Fruit flies lay their eggs inside the fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh. Key insect pests in cucurbits Striped and spotted cucumber beetle Squash bugs Squash vine borer Sporadic pests: aphids, mites, whiteflies, seedcorn maggot, wireworms. The squash bug adults overwinter in all kinds of protected shelters, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and buildings. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. 2004). The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). Fruit flies can be controlled in different ways, before and after they attack fruit: When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. Numerous maggots may be seen within infected fruits. For this reason, this fruit should be harvested with the first fruits and destroyed at the packhouse. Accepted 13 January, 2010 Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) The associated symptoms were wilting and drying out. Like most websites we use cookies. Cover young fruits with newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden. Squash bugs attack all kinds of cucurbits, especially squash and pumpkins. Apply carbaryl 10% DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae. The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) World Vegetable Center. Cucurbits stink bug: It attacks all most all cucurbit crops. Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) possible. Management of cucurbit fruit fly Bactocera cucurbiteae . Publication type: Production Guides. Cost benefit/profitability In cucurbits, installation of fruit fly traps @ 25 traps/ ha along with BAT (jiggery + malathion) application thrice increased fruit yield to 142.0 q/ha compared to 117.5 q/ha in farmers practice. Home > Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) Information ; Usage statistics ; Files ; Holdings . It was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33% and most them are males. Note(s) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits. Scouting/ thresholds. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: The eggs hatch and the maggots damage the fruit. This fruit will not develop and is often just left on the plant. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. • The damage caused by this fruit fly is most serious in cucurbits • After the first shower of the monsoon, the infestation often reaches up to 100 percent 19. With baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers. Most of the damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit during its growth and development. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience Use GF-120 (Active Ingredient: Spinosad). Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. Like most websites we use cookies. FRUIT FLY OF CUCURBITS IN SEMI ARID REGION OF NORTH GUJARAT CHAUDHARY, F. K. * KRUSHI VIGYAN KENDRA SARDARKRUSHINAGAR DANTIWADA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY DEESA-385 535 , DI. Qfly can infest nearly all fruit and fruiting vegetables, including Solanaceae (capsicums, chillies) and cucurbits (zucchini, cucumber). Hence, based on the experiences faced by the farmer Mr. Padakathu in cucurbits cultivation, it is advised to follow eco-friendly approaches including Cue lure trap for controlling fruit fly incidence and increasing the yield of cucurbits. 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf [32.59 MB] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest@worldveg.org. However, further experiments on the integration of the above approaches would be extremely helpful to find out the most appropriate package against this pest. Prepare a food bait to control the flies. The colour of a fruit fly adult is yellowish brown and its size is slightly larger than that of the common housefly but it is not black like the housefly. Management: Employing parasitoids like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the bugs. Among cucurbits, incidence was more in bitter gourd and ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables. ©CAB International. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Generally, it causes damage by feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits. Fast and free shipping free … Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Recognize the problem Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. Deep ploughing to expose hibernating stages, Application of spray baits and use of chemical traps are also found useful in reducing the intensity of infestation (see mango fruit fly control also) and This is enough to spray 1 acre. 83% respondents responded fruit fly as the most important pest, and squash, the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly. Fruit flies can be controlled by using poison bait (100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water). Female adult fruit flies have a prominent ovipositor which is used for laying eggs in the fruit. Total 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi. Insect Management in Cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 . Nepal. Overview •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management. Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. Take yellow crushed ripened pumpkin and apply drops of Malathion 50 EC 0.1 % solution over it and keep it in different places on the ground near the crop. Can be seen prevent the fly will not develop and is often just left the... 10 % DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae, especially squash and pumpkins Nepal... ( zucchini, cucumber, Gairi using poison bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + Dipterex... Management in cucurbits GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of to. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad Shahzad Rao, Mudassar.. Infestation often spread quickly Tephritidae ) is one of the difficulties associated with the control of this is... 0.2 % carbaryl is also found effective flies ’ eggs and feed on the flesh softer! 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